Evaluating ecosystem services and drivers of change in Spanish groundwater-related wetlands included in the Ramsar Convention

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dc.contributor.author Hera Portillo, África de la
dc.contributor.author Custodio Gimena, Emilio
dc.contributor.author García Cortés, Ángel
dc.date.accessioned 2020-09-17T09:41:53Z
dc.date.available 2020-09-17T09:41:53Z
dc.date.issued 2017-03-03
dc.identifier.citation AIMS Environmental Science, vol.4, n.2, 232-250 es_ES
dc.identifier.issn 2372-0352
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12468/320
dc.description Número especial "Wetlands Protection and Restoration" es_ES
dc.description.abstract There are 74 wetlands in Spain, most of which are groundwater-related, included in the Ramsar Convention. This means that groundwater is one of several components involved in how these wetlands function. This paper analyses the ecosystem services provided by 59 groundwater-related Ramsar wetlands, and this assessment is both of the services provided by the wetlands and of the impact of drivers of change. The results show that a significant number of ecosystem services are provided at a high level, in contrast to the large number of services identified as non-existent or the small number of services identified as unknown. The trend of the ecosystem services evolution is shown to be predominantly continuing. Thus, in the majority of the ecosystem services assessed there is no change in performance level. Comparing the impact level of the seven main types of drivers of change considered in this research, non-existent is the most frequently reported result for almost all drivers. Nevertheless, these results do not reflect the current reality as they highlight the need to improve the basic data to achieve a satisfactory understanding of the interactions between wetlands-groundwater-human wellbeing, which are crucially important for the conservation, management and valuation of this natural capital. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Departamento de Investigación en Recursos Geológicos, Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Real Academia de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, España es_ES
dc.language.iso en es_ES
dc.publisher AIMS Press es_ES
dc.rights Acceso abierto es_ES
dc.subject ecosystem services es_ES
dc.subject evolution trend es_ES
dc.subject groundwater-related wetlands es_ES
dc.subject Ramsar es_ES
dc.subject Spain es_ES
dc.title Evaluating ecosystem services and drivers of change in Spanish groundwater-related wetlands included in the Ramsar Convention es_ES
dc.type Postprint es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://www.aimspress.com/article/10.3934/environsci.2017.2.232 es_ES
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3934/environsci.2017.2.232 es_ES

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