Magnetotactic bacterial response to Antarctic dust supply during the Palaeocene–Eocene thermal maximum

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dc.contributor.author Larrasoaña Gorosquieta, Juan Cruz
dc.contributor.author Roberts, Andrew P.
dc.contributor.author Liao, Chang
dc.contributor.author Schellenberg, Stephen A.
dc.contributor.author Fitz Gerald, John D.
dc.contributor.author Norris, Richard D.
dc.contributor.author Zachos, James C.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-11-23T12:25:11Z
dc.date.available 2020-11-23T12:25:11Z
dc.date.issued 2012-05-17
dc.identifier.citation Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.333–334, 122-133 es_ES
dc.identifier.issn 1385-013X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12468/602
dc.description.abstract Distinct magnetic properties of marine sediments that record the Palaeocene–Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) have been suggested to be due to a bacterial magnetofossil signal that is linked to enhanced weathering conditions during the PETM. We document the dominance of bacterial magnetite in deep-sea sediments from southern Kerguelen Plateau (Ocean Drilling Program Hole 738C, southern Ocean) not only during the PETM, but also before and after the thermal event. This occurrence of magnetofossils throughout the PETM indicates that the occurrence of bacterial magnetosomes is not due to a preservation effect. Instead, we suggest that it is due to sustained mild iron-reducing conditions that dissolved the most labile aeolian-derived iron, which favoured continued magnetotactic bacterial activity without being strong enough to dissolve the less reactive magnetite and haematite. Enhanced aeolian haematite abundances at the beginning of the PETM indicate drier conditions on the neighbouring Antarctic continent at those times. Our results provide evidence that iron fertilisation by aeolian dust was the main limiting factor that conditioned proliferation of magnetotactic bacteria in the deep sea at the southern Kerguelen Plateau, with the exception of two short periods of rapidly changing palaeoenvironmental conditions at the onset and termination of the PETM. Increased iron supply from aeolian dust, that enhanced oceanic primary productivity and subsequent delivery of organic carbon to the seafloor, along with mild iron-reducing diagenetic conditions, seem to have been necessary to provide the iron needed for magnetite biomineralization by magnetotactic bacteria to drive their marked increase in abundance in the studied PETM record from southern Kerguelen Plateau. Our analyses of a deep-sea PETM record from Hole 1051B at Blake Nose (Atlantic Ocean) failed to identify magnetofossils despite evidence for the occurrence of magnetite and haematite of probable aeolian origin. Contrasting magnetic properties at these PETM sections indicate that further work is needed to understand the palaeoenvironmental and diagenetic factors whose interactions lead to production and preservation of magnetofossils in deep-sea sediments es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Unidad de Zaragoza, Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship School of Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton, Reino Unido es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Palaeomagnetic Laboratory ‘Fort Hoofddijk’, Institute of Earth Sciences, Universiteit Utrecht, Paises Bajos es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Geological Sciences, San Diego State University, Estados Unidos es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, Estados Unidos es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California, Estados Unidos es_ES
dc.language.iso en es_ES
dc.publisher Elsevier es_ES
dc.rights Otro es_ES
dc.subject Palaeocene/Eocene thermal maximum es_ES
dc.subject marine sediments es_ES
dc.subject environmental magnetism es_ES
dc.subject biogenic magnetite es_ES
dc.subject aeolian dust es_ES
dc.subject Meseta Kerguelen es_ES
dc.subject Océano Índico es_ES
dc.title Magnetotactic bacterial response to Antarctic dust supply during the Palaeocene–Eocene thermal maximum es_ES
dc.type Postprint es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0012821X12001707 es_ES
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2012.04.003 es_ES
dc.coverage.spatialStudy Meseta Kerguelen, Océano Índico es_ES


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