Seismically induced liquefaction structures in La Magdalena archaeological site, the 4th century AD Roman Complutum (Madrid, Spain)

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dc.contributor.author Rodríquez Pascua, Miguel Ángel
dc.contributor.author Silva Barroso, Pablo Gabriel
dc.contributor.author Perucha Atienza, M. Ángeles
dc.contributor.author Giner-Robles, Jorge L.
dc.contributor.author Heras, C.
dc.contributor.author Bastida, A.B.
dc.contributor.author Carrasco García, Pedro
dc.contributor.author Roquero García-Casal, M. Elvira
dc.contributor.author Lario, J.
dc.contributor.author Bardají, Teresa
dc.contributor.author Pérez López, Raúl
dc.contributor.author Élez, Javier
dc.date.accessioned 2020-12-14T07:46:30Z
dc.date.available 2020-12-14T07:46:30Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Sedimentary Geology vol. 344, 2016, 34–46 es_ES
dc.identifier.issn 0037-0738
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12468/694
dc.description.abstract The ancient Roman city of Complutum(Alcalá deHenares,Madrid), founded in the 1st century AD,was one of the most important cities ofHispania. The old Roman citywas destroyed, abruptly abandoned, relocated close by and rebuilt during the late 4th century AD. Destruction of the city and its relocation has not yet been explained by archaeologists. In this paper,with ourmultidisciplinary approach, we identify and characterize earthquake archaeological effects (EAEs) affecting the archaeological site, the La Magdalena, an agricultural holding 4 km from the core of Complutum. The most important EAEs in the site are liquefactions (sand dikes and explosive sand-gravel craters) affecting Roman structures, such as water tanks (cisterns), houses and graves. Ground liquefaction generated significant ground cracks, explosive craters and folds in foundations of buildings. Several other Roman sites throughout the valleywere also abandoned abruptly during the 4th century AD, in some caseswith EAEs of similar origin. This suggests the occurrence of a 5.0–6.6 Mw seismic event in the zone, in accordance with the minimum empirical limit of seismically-induced liquefaction and the maximum surface rupture length of the Henares fault. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Departamento de Geología, Escuela Politécnica Superior de Ávila, Universidad Salamanca, España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Trébede, Patrimonio Cultural, S.L., España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Departamento de Ingeniería del Terreno, Escuela Politécnica Superior de Ávila, Universidad Salamanca, España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Departamento de Edafología, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Departamento de Geología, Universidad de Alcalá de Henares, España es_ES
dc.language.iso en es_ES
dc.publisher Elsevier es_ES
dc.relation CATESI-07 es_ES
dc.relation CGL2012-37281-C02.01 es_ES
dc.relation CGL2013- 47412-C2-2-P es_ES
dc.rights Acceso abierto es_ES
dc.subject Complutum es_ES
dc.subject Earthquake es_ES
dc.subject Liquefaction es_ES
dc.subject Earthquake Archaeological Effects es_ES
dc.subject 4th century AD es_ES
dc.title Seismically induced liquefaction structures in La Magdalena archaeological site, the 4th century AD Roman Complutum (Madrid, Spain) es_ES
dc.type Postprint es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0037073816000439 es_ES
dc.description.funder Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, España es_ES
dc.description.funder Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, España es_ES
dc.description.funder Universidad de Salamanca, España es_ES
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2016.01.025 es_ES
dc.coverage.spatialStudy Alcalá de Henares, Comunidad Madrid, España es_ES


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