Stone weathering under Mediterranean semiarid climate in the fortress of Nueva Tabarca island (Spain)

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dc.contributor.author Martínez Martínez, Javier
dc.contributor.author Benavente García, David
dc.contributor.author Jiménez Gutiérrez, Santiago V.
dc.contributor.author García del Cura, María Ángeles
dc.contributor.author Ordoñez Delgado, Salvador
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-19T07:04:33Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-19T07:04:33Z
dc.date.issued 2017-08
dc.identifier.citation Building and Environment, vol.121, 262-276 es_ES
dc.identifier.issn 0360-1323
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12468/783
dc.description.abstract The Nueva Tabarca fortress constitutes an exceptional example of baroque architectural heritage. However, the aggressiveness of the local environment and the low suitability of the used building stone cause their fast deterioration. The hydro-mechanical properties of the building stones, the characteristics of their porous system (open porosity and pore size distribution), the global climate of the island and the particular microenvironmental conditions of each studied monument explain the weathering process acting on the porous limestone of Nueva Tabarca. Results reveal that Halite crystallization and wind erosion are the main weathering agents. On the one hand, wind plays a critical weathering action because it controls the salt crystallization process, the abrasion by wind-blown particles, as well as the wind-driven rain impact. Different weathering forms are related to each erosion mechanism. On the other hand, the relative humidity in the island determines the agressiveness of the halite crystallization process. Salt damage activity was calculated quantifying not only the number of halite crystallization-dissolution transitions, but also the duration of the driest periods. Finally, a novel parameter (Equivalent Years, Yeq) is defined in order to quantify the representativeness of standarized artificial ageing tests. Yeq expresses the number of years of natural ageing required for achieving the same weathered state of rocks after laboratory procedures. A wide range of Yeq values are obtained for the studied rocks (from 8 to 165 years), showing a strong dependency with both the exposure time as well as the agressiveness of the environment. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y del Medio Ambiente, Universidad de Alicante, España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Instituto de Ecología Litoral, Alicante, España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Instituto de Geociencias, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, España es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship Instituto de Geociencias, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España es_ES
dc.language.iso en es_ES
dc.publisher Elsevier es_ES
dc.rights Otro es_ES
dc.subject porous limestone es_ES
dc.subject calcarenite es_ES
dc.subject halite es_ES
dc.subject aeolian erosion es_ES
dc.subject salt crystallization es_ES
dc.subject Tabarca (isla) es_ES
dc.title Stone weathering under Mediterranean semiarid climate in the fortress of Nueva Tabarca island (Spain) es_ES
dc.type Postprint es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0360132317302202?via%3Dihub#! es_ES
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2017.05.034 es_ES
dc.coverage.spatialStudy Isla de Tabarca, España es_ES


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